Originally developed in the late 1980s as a commercial storage and peripherals network, Fibre Channel has become a wildly used network standard for storage networks and even for the data networks in the latest airplanes under development and military specifications.
The Fibre Channel is mostly used for SANs (Storage-Area Networks), the classical isolated storage area on the network (the 'server' solution).
Fibre Channel was designed to be an open environment that can accommodate multiple commercial communications protocols such as SCSI TCP/IP and others.
The Fibre Channel is a bi-directional point-to-point serial data connection, structured for high performance information transport. Physically it is an interconnection of one or more point-to-point links.
Each link end terminates in a Fibre Channel port. Ports are specified in the FC-PI (physical) and FC-FS (framing and signaling) specifications.
According to the Fibre Channel specification, the high-speed connections between devices can use either copper twinaxial cable, copper twisted pair, copper coaxial cable or fiber optic cable.
Fibre Channel is connected by a variety of connection standards:
9-pin D-Sub (DBm-DBm), 9-pin D-Sub (DBf-DBm), SFP, HSSDC2, HSSDC
Shielded miniature coaxial cables: 10 m
Twinaxial cables: 30 m
RG 59 COAX: 30 m
Multimode fibre optics: 2 km
Single-mode fibre optic: 10 km